Psalm 110

The LORD says to my lord:
“Sit at my right hand
until I make your enemies
a footstool for your feet.”
The LORD will extend your mighty scepter from Zion, saying,
“Rule in the midst of your enemies!”
Your troops will be willing
on your day of battle.
Arrayed in holy splendor,
your young men will come to you
like dew from the morning’s womb.
The LORD has sworn
and will not change his mind:
“You are a priest forever,
in the order of Melchizedek. ”
The Lord is at your right hand;
he will crush kings on the day of his wrath.
He will judge the nations, heaping up the dead
and crushing the rulers of the whole earth.
He will drink from a brook along the way,
and so he will lift his head high.

Psalm 110 begins with a declaration that has intrigued people for centuries. The psalmist, David, says, "The Lord says to my lord: 'Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.'" (Psalm 110:1)

The psalmist speaks of a conversation between two "Lords." Who are the two "Lords"? The first "Lord" is translated from the Hebrew name for God, spelled "YHWH" (often pronounced "Yahweh"). This is the personal name of the God of Israel, often called the Tetragrammaton. (Some trivia for you there!) The name signifies God's eternal nature, the one who is, who was, and who is to come.

The second "lord" is translated from the Hebrew word "Adoni," meaning lord, master, or ruler. It's a term of respect and can refer to humans or divine beings, depending on the context. Given this psalm's prophetic and messianic undertones, many interpret this "lord" as referring to the promised Messiah, who would be king.

Jesus himself interpreted this verse as pointing to the Messiah. In a conversation with the Pharisees, he asked them: "What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?" "The son of David," they replied. Jesus then quotes this verse before posing another question. "If David calls him 'Lord,' how can he be his son?" Jesus was pointing out that the Messiah was not just David's descendant but also his Lord, pointing to his divine nature.

David makes another intriguing declaration in this psalm when he sings, "You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek." (Psalm 110:4). This has been interpreted as referring to the promised Messiah, who would also be a priest. The writer of Hebrews uses this psalm to elaborate on the high-priestly role of Jesus. But who is Melchizedek? 

Melchizedek is a somewhat enigmatic figure in the Bible. He appears briefly in the Book of Genesis as the king of Salem (later identified with Jerusalem) and a "priest of God Most High" (Genesis 14:18-20). He blesses Abraham and receives a tithe from him. What's curious about Melchizedek is that there's no record of his lineage, birth, or death, making him a somewhat mysterious priest-king in the biblical narrative.

So what's the deal about being priest and king? In ancient Israel, the roles of king and priest were typically separate. The king came from the line of David (from the tribe of Judah), while the priests were from the line of Aaron (from the tribe of Levi). Yet, Melchizedek embodied both roles as a priest-king. The psalmist's declaration that the Messiah would be a priest in the order of Melchizedek suggests a unique, combined role that breaks with traditional expectations.

It is fascinating how David has woven together themes of kingship and priesthood. It's like finding a puzzle piece in the Old Testament that fits perfectly in the New Testament. For David, this might have been a song of victory or hope for a future righteous ruler. Yet, with the lens of the New Testament, we see a deeper layer that points directly to Jesus.

God bless you.  

More in this category: « Psalm 109 Psalm 111 »
Psalm 031 - A Profession of Trust
Psalm 031 - A Profession of Trust
Do you face difficult circumstances in life? Of course, you do! Follow David's pattern of prayer, which is a beautiful expression of faith that can help us in our times of struggle.
To subscribe, WhatsApp the message “Psalms” to +91 90821 Read More
Psalm 030 - Thanksgiving for Deliverance from Death
Psalm 030 - Thanksgiving for Deliverance from Death
Although at times it seems as though God turns his face away from us because of our wicked ways, did you know that God's anger lasts only a moment, but his favor lasts a lifetime?
To subscribe, WhatsApp the message “Psalms” Read More
Psalm 029 - The Voice of the LORD in the Storm
Psalm 029 - The Voice of the LORD in the Storm
Given that we serve such an awesome God, is there any reason for us to be filled with fear and anxiety? Put your faith in this God and be filled with strength and peace.
To subscribe, WhatsApp the message “Psalms” to Read More
Psalm 028 - A Prayer for Help and Praise for Its Answer
Psalm 028 - A Prayer for Help and Praise for Its Answer
David speaks about those who speak cordially with their neighbors while they harbor malice in their hearts as evil people. Are you guilty of this?
To subscribe, WhatsApp the message “Psalms” to +91 90821 01605.
Transcript
When we think about the evil Read More
Psalm 027 - The LORD Is My Light and My Salvation
Psalm 027 - The LORD Is My Light and My Salvation
David says: “One thing I ask from the Lord, this only do I seek: that I may dwell in the house of the Lord forever.” What is the one thing that YOU seek?
To subscribe, WhatsApp the message “Psalms” to +91 Read More
Psalm 026 - A Protestation of Integrity
Psalm 026 - A Protestation of Integrity
Do we dare to ask God to test us and examine our hearts and minds to see if we are faithful? What do you think he will find?
To subscribe, WhatsApp the message “Psalms” to +91 90821 01605.
Transcript
One of the Read More
Psalm 025 - A Prayer for Guidance, Pardon and Protection
Psalm 025 - A Prayer for Guidance, Pardon and Protection
We all go through turbulent times and tend to panic. However, we can follow David’s example and do five things that will see us through the storm, safe and sound.
To subscribe, WhatsApp the message “Psalms” to +91 90821 01605.
Transcript
We all Read More
Psalm 024 - The King of Glory
Psalm 024 - The King of Glory
Who may ascend the mountain of the LORD? Who may stand in his holy place? The one with clean hands and a pure heart. How clean are your hands? How pure is your heart?
To subscribe, WhatsApp the message “Psalms” to Read More
Psalm 023 - The LORD Is My Shepherd
Psalm 023 - The LORD Is My Shepherd
If we don’t experience the goodness David sings about, we might be making the wrong choices. Let us make the right choices.
I will be starting a new series on February 22 titled *40 Choices*, where each day, we will purposefully Read More
Psalm 022 - A Cry of Anguish and Song of Praise
Psalm 022 - A Cry of Anguish and Song of Praise
If you have received the gift of salvation, would you not want to see others saved, especially those you love? What are you doing about it?
To subscribe, WhatsApp the message “Psalms” to +91 90821 01605.
Transcript
Anyone singing this psalm would instantly Read More

Load More